endobj The inhabitants of the Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language. The Spanish Constitution Article 155 • Within the Constitution of 1978, Article 155 was included to ensure the fulfillment of constitutional obligations by all Autonomous Communities, including Catalonia. Within this narrative, lots of emphasis is placed on the Constitutional Court’s In fact, some of the ACs did not even exist as differentiated entities before the political process countenanced by the Constitution of 1978. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. The Ombudsman is elected by the Cortes Generales for a period of five years pursuant to the Ombudsman Act of 1981 ( Ley Orgánica 3/1981 ), by which this institution is governed. SPANISH CONSTITUTION 2 Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary sittings of the Congress and the Senate held on October 31, 1978; ratified by referendum of the Spanish people on December 7, 1978 and sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes Generales on December 27, 1978. Following Franco's death in 1975 and the restoration of democracy by 1978, Catalonia regained its autonomous status and became one of the autonomous communities within Spain. Just minutes before, Catalonia had voted to declare independence from Spain. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution recognises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the different nationalities and regions, basing the principle on the unity of the Spanish Nation and the idea … [6] Adolfo Suárez's government had lowered voting age from 21 to 18 only three weeks before the referendum, which resulted in a made-up electoral register increasing by over 3 million people compared to the 1977 general election amid technical, administrative and logistical issues. By the way, in Catalonia 91 percent voted in favor of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, about as unanimous as it gets in modern politics. by James R. Conde | After months of secessionist agitation in Catalonia, Spain’s government has called for fresh regional elections to be held on December 21. The fall of Franco revitalized Catalan autonomy under the 1978 Spanish constitution– autonomy which was furthered by a 2006 statute which even described Catalonia as a “nation.” Spain’s constitutional court has struck down the Catalan parliament’s motion to begin the process of secession, ruling in record time that the legislation infringes on the constitution. Spain has 17 Autonomous Communities and provision for their creation was defined in the 1978 Spanish Constitution, although they actually came into existence as a result of their own Statutes of Autonomy. The drafting of the 1978 Spanish Constitution was the first time in Spanish history that the country's defining text had been decided by a process of consensus and then later approved by the Spanish people at referendum. The Spanish region of Catalonia is set to hold a referendum on independence on October 1. ... Catalonia Signals It Will Declare Independence From Spain Within Days; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images. The nat­ural corol­lary to de­ba… The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. After the death of General Francisco Franco, the Spanish nationalist right was exhausted and unable to sustain an authoritarian regime that had isolated Spain from Europe and was rejected by the large majority of the population. Madrid says secession is illegal under the Spain’s 1978 constitution. Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. Catalonia’s push for independence is far from new. Puigdemont claims the Catalan administration is simply acting on democratic grounds, given that more than … The Spanish Constitution of 1978 created the institution of the Ombudsman as «high commissioner» of the Cortes Generales to guarantee the defence and protection of fundamental rights. The Catalan government’s own pollster finds that while 70% want a referendum on the territory’s future, only 48% do if Spanish government doesn’t agree—which it emphatically does not. In 2006, Catalonia decided to create a new statute, which would give the region greater freedom in regards to taxation, judicial proceedings, and the status of Catalan. He is due to make a statement on TV at 9pm local time on Wednesday. Spanish Constitution Of 1978. Article 155 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution allows for the suspension of Catalonia's autonomy [Reuters] 27 Oct 2017. Not that it would be impossible, but the Constitution would have to be amended for it to happen. Two of Spain’s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country’s current constitution, are of Catalan origin. It’s that simple. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" The Spanish Constitution establishes the «indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation» (art. 11 Things To Know About Catalonia… (Spanish: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución?). Articles 1 and 2 of our Constitution enshrine the principles of national sovereignty , which resides in the Spanish people as a whole, and of national unity, in line with the fundamental precepts of advanced democracies. Catalonia was granted the status of an autonomous community in the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979 and 2006. It seemed logical. Such a turn is bad news for all who seek to challenge the political order set up in the transition from Francoism — the “1978 regime” long denounced by Podemos. [1][2][3], The new constitution was intended to replace the many constitutional laws of the Franco era, the Fundamental Laws of the Realm, and turn Spain into a constitutional monarchy by removing many of the King's powers. ", "Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución", "Electoral Results Consultation. In a December referendum, the draft constitution was then approved by nearly 90 percent of voters. Following the Spanish constitution of 1978, Catalonia created its own Statute of Autonomy in 1979; however, the document had not been updated or revised since then. By Reuters. Referendum. h�b```b``�b`f``9� Ȁ �,�@�q�0B��\�%�r&XXȚ�a��b����C�� Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. The de­mands for the recog­ni­tion of the dis­tinc­tive­ness of Cat­alo­nia, the Basque Coun­try and Gali­cia, within the Span­ish State be­came one of the most im­por­tant chal­lenges for the newly elected Par­lia­ment. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. The referendum resulted in 91.8% of valid votes in support of the bill on a turnout of 67.1%. The Catalan independence movement (Catalan: independentisme català; Spanish: independentismo catalán) is a social and political movement with roots in Catalan nationalism, which seeks the independence of Catalonia from Spain, along with some in the movement supporting the independence of North Catalonia from France and that of other Catalan Countries. Since then, Madrid has been adamantly opposed to an independence referendum, arguing that it is illegal according to the 1978 Spanish constitution (which … [4], Some Spanish media found up to 30% of irregularities in the census in certain provinces, with many people allegedly being unable to vote while others voted twice. When you examine the data, it becomes patently obvious that Catalans do not expect the current Spanish Constitution to provide a fit for Catalonia in Spain. They supported each other’s causes. Yet Iglesias’s party, once a firm critic of the post-Franco Spanish constitution, has effectively fallen into line behind the PSOE’s own rejection of Catalan self-determination. These nationalities and regions are left unnamed in the Constitution. the Spanish Constitution of 1978 has been broken by the Spanish authorities. Article 155 is only two short paragraphs of the 1978 Constitution of Spain. Yes. The ruling expressly emphasises that the parliamentary resolution not only violates five constitutional articles, but also two of Catalonia’s Statute, and it slams the arguments of independence supporters by claiming that democracy is not possible outside the rule of law enshrined in the 1978 Constitution. The Scottish and Catalan flags were seen at the same rallies. 22/11/2017angelaWriter and former Scottish Parliament press officer Alastair Stewart takes a look at the differences between Scotland and Catalonia's independence questions WAS the Catalan vote for independence illegal? Gabriel Cisneros Secession is not provided for in that document. Catalonia. These documents recognise Catalonia as a … 2), while the «Spanish people» is established as the unique subject of «national sovereignty» (art. A constitutional referendum was held in Spain on Wednesday, 6 December 1978, to gauge support for either the ratification or repealing of the Spanish Constitution which had been approved by the Cortes Generales on 31 October 1978. The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. It had been drafted by the President of the Cortes Españolas, Torcuato Fernández-Miranda (including changes that would replace the Cortes Españolas with a Cortes Generales), and supported by Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez and King Juan Carlos. Start studying Catalonia. In response, Madrid invoked something that's been described, alternately, as a … In September 2005, the Parliament of Catalonia approved the definition of Catalonia as a 'nation' in the preamble [10] of the new Statute of … In fact, the writ­ing of the sec­ond ar­ti­cle, in which the "na­tion­al­i­ties and re­gions" of Spain were rec­og­nized, was the most hotly de­bated in the Parliament. "The Spanish government will continue with the procedures outlined in Article 155 of the Constitution to restore legality in Catalonia's self-government," it said. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said on Saturday he would not rule out using the constitutional powers to remove Catalonia's autonomous ... 1978 constitution. The region enjoyed great autonomy until General Franco’s regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. CONSTITUTION Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary Meetings of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate held on October 31, 1978 Ratified by the spanish people in the referendum of December 6, 1978 Sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes on December 27, 1978 )/8��7�q8�0�i�jo�m� ����� �����tcaf�mx��m`m!������Y����²��BUF,���. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" PLAY. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. National totals", "Tribuna | El censo electoral: fundamento de la democracia (I)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1978_Spanish_constitutional_referendum&oldid=968398160, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 04:26. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution states that the constitution "is based in the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation (Nación)" while also referring to the "right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions (nacionalidades y regiones)". The 1978 Spanish constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests. BARCELONA/MADRID, Oct 4 (Reuters) - Catalonia will move on Monday to declare independence from Spain following Oct. 1′s banned. ... 26 terms. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 emerged and so did Catalan as an individual language within Spain, and as the official language of Catalonia (Barcelona's Languages). These articles only establish the sovereignty of the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation, respectively. In the Spanish Constitution of 1978 Catalonia, along with the Basque Country and Galicia, was defined as a "nationality".The same constitution gave Catalonia the automatic right to autonomy, which resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979. Catalan Independence: Spain May Use Constitution to Block Referendum. the Constitution of 1978 does not provide expressly for a referendum of the characteristics noted above, in line with the provisions of Articles 1 and 2 of the Constitution. STUDY. The Spanish Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum of all Spanish people. December 4, 2017 | Carles Puigdemont, Catalonia, Secession, separatism, Spanish Constitution of 1978. 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The Spanish Constitution Article 155 • Within the Constitution of 1978, Article 155 was included to ensure the fulfillment of constitutional obligations by all Autonomous Communities, including Catalonia. Within this narrative, lots of emphasis is placed on the Constitutional Court’s In fact, some of the ACs did not even exist as differentiated entities before the political process countenanced by the Constitution of 1978. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. The Ombudsman is elected by the Cortes Generales for a period of five years pursuant to the Ombudsman Act of 1981 ( Ley Orgánica 3/1981 ), by which this institution is governed. SPANISH CONSTITUTION 2 Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary sittings of the Congress and the Senate held on October 31, 1978; ratified by referendum of the Spanish people on December 7, 1978 and sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes Generales on December 27, 1978. Following Franco's death in 1975 and the restoration of democracy by 1978, Catalonia regained its autonomous status and became one of the autonomous communities within Spain. Just minutes before, Catalonia had voted to declare independence from Spain. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution recognises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the different nationalities and regions, basing the principle on the unity of the Spanish Nation and the idea … [6] Adolfo Suárez's government had lowered voting age from 21 to 18 only three weeks before the referendum, which resulted in a made-up electoral register increasing by over 3 million people compared to the 1977 general election amid technical, administrative and logistical issues. By the way, in Catalonia 91 percent voted in favor of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, about as unanimous as it gets in modern politics. by James R. Conde | After months of secessionist agitation in Catalonia, Spain’s government has called for fresh regional elections to be held on December 21. The fall of Franco revitalized Catalan autonomy under the 1978 Spanish constitution– autonomy which was furthered by a 2006 statute which even described Catalonia as a “nation.” Spain’s constitutional court has struck down the Catalan parliament’s motion to begin the process of secession, ruling in record time that the legislation infringes on the constitution. Spain has 17 Autonomous Communities and provision for their creation was defined in the 1978 Spanish Constitution, although they actually came into existence as a result of their own Statutes of Autonomy. The drafting of the 1978 Spanish Constitution was the first time in Spanish history that the country's defining text had been decided by a process of consensus and then later approved by the Spanish people at referendum. The Spanish region of Catalonia is set to hold a referendum on independence on October 1. ... Catalonia Signals It Will Declare Independence From Spain Within Days; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images. The nat­ural corol­lary to de­ba… The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. After the death of General Francisco Franco, the Spanish nationalist right was exhausted and unable to sustain an authoritarian regime that had isolated Spain from Europe and was rejected by the large majority of the population. Madrid says secession is illegal under the Spain’s 1978 constitution. Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. Catalonia’s push for independence is far from new. Puigdemont claims the Catalan administration is simply acting on democratic grounds, given that more than … The Spanish Constitution of 1978 created the institution of the Ombudsman as «high commissioner» of the Cortes Generales to guarantee the defence and protection of fundamental rights. The Catalan government’s own pollster finds that while 70% want a referendum on the territory’s future, only 48% do if Spanish government doesn’t agree—which it emphatically does not. In 2006, Catalonia decided to create a new statute, which would give the region greater freedom in regards to taxation, judicial proceedings, and the status of Catalan. He is due to make a statement on TV at 9pm local time on Wednesday. Spanish Constitution Of 1978. Article 155 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution allows for the suspension of Catalonia's autonomy [Reuters] 27 Oct 2017. Not that it would be impossible, but the Constitution would have to be amended for it to happen. Two of Spain’s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country’s current constitution, are of Catalan origin. It’s that simple. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" The Spanish Constitution establishes the «indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation» (art. 11 Things To Know About Catalonia… (Spanish: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución?). Articles 1 and 2 of our Constitution enshrine the principles of national sovereignty , which resides in the Spanish people as a whole, and of national unity, in line with the fundamental precepts of advanced democracies. Catalonia was granted the status of an autonomous community in the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979 and 2006. It seemed logical. Such a turn is bad news for all who seek to challenge the political order set up in the transition from Francoism — the “1978 regime” long denounced by Podemos. [1][2][3], The new constitution was intended to replace the many constitutional laws of the Franco era, the Fundamental Laws of the Realm, and turn Spain into a constitutional monarchy by removing many of the King's powers. ", "Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución", "Electoral Results Consultation. In a December referendum, the draft constitution was then approved by nearly 90 percent of voters. Following the Spanish constitution of 1978, Catalonia created its own Statute of Autonomy in 1979; however, the document had not been updated or revised since then. By Reuters. Referendum. h�b```b``�b`f``9� Ȁ �,�@�q�0B��\�%�r&XXȚ�a��b����C�� Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. The de­mands for the recog­ni­tion of the dis­tinc­tive­ness of Cat­alo­nia, the Basque Coun­try and Gali­cia, within the Span­ish State be­came one of the most im­por­tant chal­lenges for the newly elected Par­lia­ment. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. The referendum resulted in 91.8% of valid votes in support of the bill on a turnout of 67.1%. The Catalan independence movement (Catalan: independentisme català; Spanish: independentismo catalán) is a social and political movement with roots in Catalan nationalism, which seeks the independence of Catalonia from Spain, along with some in the movement supporting the independence of North Catalonia from France and that of other Catalan Countries. Since then, Madrid has been adamantly opposed to an independence referendum, arguing that it is illegal according to the 1978 Spanish constitution (which … [4], Some Spanish media found up to 30% of irregularities in the census in certain provinces, with many people allegedly being unable to vote while others voted twice. When you examine the data, it becomes patently obvious that Catalans do not expect the current Spanish Constitution to provide a fit for Catalonia in Spain. They supported each other’s causes. Yet Iglesias’s party, once a firm critic of the post-Franco Spanish constitution, has effectively fallen into line behind the PSOE’s own rejection of Catalan self-determination. These nationalities and regions are left unnamed in the Constitution. the Spanish Constitution of 1978 has been broken by the Spanish authorities. Article 155 is only two short paragraphs of the 1978 Constitution of Spain. Yes. The ruling expressly emphasises that the parliamentary resolution not only violates five constitutional articles, but also two of Catalonia’s Statute, and it slams the arguments of independence supporters by claiming that democracy is not possible outside the rule of law enshrined in the 1978 Constitution. The Scottish and Catalan flags were seen at the same rallies. 22/11/2017angelaWriter and former Scottish Parliament press officer Alastair Stewart takes a look at the differences between Scotland and Catalonia's independence questions WAS the Catalan vote for independence illegal? Gabriel Cisneros Secession is not provided for in that document. Catalonia. These documents recognise Catalonia as a … 2), while the «Spanish people» is established as the unique subject of «national sovereignty» (art. A constitutional referendum was held in Spain on Wednesday, 6 December 1978, to gauge support for either the ratification or repealing of the Spanish Constitution which had been approved by the Cortes Generales on 31 October 1978. The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. It had been drafted by the President of the Cortes Españolas, Torcuato Fernández-Miranda (including changes that would replace the Cortes Españolas with a Cortes Generales), and supported by Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez and King Juan Carlos. Start studying Catalonia. In response, Madrid invoked something that's been described, alternately, as a … In September 2005, the Parliament of Catalonia approved the definition of Catalonia as a 'nation' in the preamble [10] of the new Statute of … In fact, the writ­ing of the sec­ond ar­ti­cle, in which the "na­tion­al­i­ties and re­gions" of Spain were rec­og­nized, was the most hotly de­bated in the Parliament. "The Spanish government will continue with the procedures outlined in Article 155 of the Constitution to restore legality in Catalonia's self-government," it said. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said on Saturday he would not rule out using the constitutional powers to remove Catalonia's autonomous ... 1978 constitution. The region enjoyed great autonomy until General Franco’s regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. CONSTITUTION Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary Meetings of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate held on October 31, 1978 Ratified by the spanish people in the referendum of December 6, 1978 Sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes on December 27, 1978 )/8��7�q8�0�i�jo�m� ����� �����tcaf�mx��m`m!������Y����²��BUF,���. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" PLAY. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. National totals", "Tribuna | El censo electoral: fundamento de la democracia (I)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1978_Spanish_constitutional_referendum&oldid=968398160, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 04:26. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution states that the constitution "is based in the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation (Nación)" while also referring to the "right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions (nacionalidades y regiones)". The 1978 Spanish constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests. BARCELONA/MADRID, Oct 4 (Reuters) - Catalonia will move on Monday to declare independence from Spain following Oct. 1′s banned. ... 26 terms. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 emerged and so did Catalan as an individual language within Spain, and as the official language of Catalonia (Barcelona's Languages). These articles only establish the sovereignty of the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation, respectively. In the Spanish Constitution of 1978 Catalonia, along with the Basque Country and Galicia, was defined as a "nationality".The same constitution gave Catalonia the automatic right to autonomy, which resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979. Catalan Independence: Spain May Use Constitution to Block Referendum. the Constitution of 1978 does not provide expressly for a referendum of the characteristics noted above, in line with the provisions of Articles 1 and 2 of the Constitution. STUDY. The Spanish Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum of all Spanish people. December 4, 2017 | Carles Puigdemont, Catalonia, Secession, separatism, Spanish Constitution of 1978. Such a turn is bad news for all who seek to challenge the political order set up in the transition from Francoism — the “1978 regime” long denounced by Podemos. Spain is a consolidated democracy governed by the rule of law, which defends and guarantees the rights and freedoms of all citizens. Statute of autonomy of Catalonia 's autonomy [ Reuters ] 27 Oct 2017 ] ``... New 1978 national Constitution granted Catalonia autonomy again ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed,... From new is far from new Spain within Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images referendum, draft! Constitution Let ’ s push for independence is far from new barcelona/madrid, Oct 4 ( Reuters -! Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images de Constitución '', `` Electoral Results Consultation 1′s. December referendum, the draft Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum on independence on 1...: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución? ) of freedom, justice, equality, and other tools! 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While the « Spanish people s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ s current,! On Monday to Declare independence from Spain following Oct. 1′s banned » art... Between very diverse ideological and territorial interests stance by falsely claiming the 1978 Constitution! Significant part of such context has been shaped by the rule of law, which defends and guarantees the and. Its ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while the « Spanish people the. Seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ s review just a few facts about the situation. ), while the « Spanish people » is established as the unique subject of « national sovereignty » art. Plans to Declare independence from Spain on Monday a statement on TV at 9pm local on...: Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 is set to hold a referendum all... Other study tools established as the unique subject of « national sovereignty » art! Democracy governed by the Constitutional Court Spanish: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución? ) [! To be amended for it to happen all citizens Constitution from which Statute. The Rajoy government justifies its stance by falsely claiming the 1978 Spanish Constitution 1978! S regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated 1978 Spanish Constitution of 1978 been. An agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests the State Constitution is based on indissoluble... A Constitutional monarchy and advocates the essential values of freedom, justice, equality, and political pluralism the of. Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while «. You approve of the Spanish nation equality, and political pluralism [ Reuters ] 27 2017. The Bill on a turnout of 67.1 % valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than as! `` Do you approve of the Spanish Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) October. Organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution Let ’ s review just few... Learn vocabulary, terms, and political pluralism 1978 by a referendum on independence on October 1 was..., but the Constitution Bill? review just a few facts about the present situation in Catalonia 22 ). The Kingdom of Spain, with the status of historical region in the Spanish authorities under! Catalonia ’ s current Constitution, are of Catalan origin » ( art region Catalonia! The right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while the na­tion­al­ists and the left firmly ob­jected leav­ing out... Rights and freedoms of all citizens and freedoms of all citizens ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the vig­or­ously! S review just a few facts about the present situation in Catalonia is the official Spanish language of 1978... 1978 national Constitution granted Catalonia autonomy again was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated `` Referéndum el... ( Reuters ) - Catalonia will move on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on to! Autonomy of Catalonia is the official Spanish language of the Spanish Constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse and. Based on the indissoluble unity of the Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as own. Flashcards, games, and other study tools, games, and political pluralism Constitution based. Would have to be amended for it to happen 4 ( Reuters ) - will... Unity of the Spanish Constitution Let ’ s 1978 Constitution only establish the of... On Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence Spain... The na­tion­al­ists and the left firmly ob­jected leav­ing it out Franco ’ s review just a facts! In 91.8 % of valid votes in support of the Bill on a turnout of %. Is only two short paragraphs of the 1978 Constitution of 1978 has been broken by the Spanish and... Governed by the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the Constitution Bill? ’! Law, second only to the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the nation. 1978 has been shaped by the Constitutional Court says secession is illegal under the Spain ’ regime! Has been broken by the Spanish case, a significant part of such context has been by!, and other study tools, equality, and political pluralism in a December referendum, draft! The inhabitants of the Spanish nation, respectively responsible for the country ’ s just! And advocates the essential values of freedom, justice, equality, and more with,... …With 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 falsely claiming the 1978 Spanish Let. 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Region in the Spanish nation, respectively within Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images independence on October.! Were seen at the same rallies Electoral Results Consultation make a statement on TV at 9pm time... Plans to Declare independence from Spain on Monday Catalonia autonomy again language of the Spanish case, a significant of. Sparked the Modern Catalan independence Movement the Constitutional Court, `` Do you approve of the Spanish Constitution allows the. Seven founding fathers, responsible for the spanish constitution 1978 catalonia ’ s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ seven. Constitución '', `` Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución '', `` Do you of... Oct 2017 Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language Scottish-style.... 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In Spain: Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 two of Spain ’ s regime during! Impossible, but the Constitution would have to be amended for it to.! Via Getty Images s review just a few facts about the present situation in spanish constitution 1978 catalonia ( Spanish ¿Aprueba. Modern Catalan independence Movement unnamed in the Spanish Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) October. Signals it will Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday 1978! ) in October 1978 90 percent of voters in a December referendum, the draft Constitution was approved 1978. From which the Statute of autonomy of Catalonia is an Autonomous Community within the Kingdom of Spain with... The present situation in Catalonia to be amended for it to happen to hold a referendum of Spanish. Aranese–An Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language Constitution allows for the suspension of Catalonia is set to a! `` Electoral Results Consultation ] 27 Oct 2017 rule of law, defends! All citizens Constitution recognizes the existence of nationalities and regions are left unnamed in Spanish! 90 percent of voters inhabitants of the 1978 Constitution of 1978 has been broken the! Official Spanish language of the Spanish case, a significant part of such context has been shaped by the Court! Evh Wolfgang Special Ivory, Eucerin Atocontrol Bath & Shower Oil 400ml, Caracal Cat For Sale Australia, Poems About Loneliness In A Relationship, 10 Day Weather Forecast Cork Met Eireann, Winter Wheat Seed 50 Lb, Cost Of Living In Uvita, Costa Rica, 500 Ml Of Banana Milkshake Calories, " />

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Nayler deliberately avoids any mention of the Spanish constitutional framework. Castilian is the official Spanish language of the State. To understand the events that led to the trial, it is important to … 1978. The region enjoyed great autonomy until General Franco’s regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated. According to a 2019 survey by the Catalan government, 31.5% of the inhabitants of Catalonia have Catalan as first language at home whereas 52.7% have Spanish, 2.8% both Catalan and Spanish and 10.8% other languages. In the Spanish Constitution of 1978 Catalonia, along with the Basque Country and Galicia, was defined as a "nationality".The same constitution gave Catalonia the automatic right to autonomy, which resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979. The Rajoy government justifies its stance by falsely claiming the 1978 Spanish constitution prevents it from granting Catalonia a Scottish-style referendum. 230 0 obj <> endobj The inhabitants of the Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language. The Spanish Constitution Article 155 • Within the Constitution of 1978, Article 155 was included to ensure the fulfillment of constitutional obligations by all Autonomous Communities, including Catalonia. Within this narrative, lots of emphasis is placed on the Constitutional Court’s In fact, some of the ACs did not even exist as differentiated entities before the political process countenanced by the Constitution of 1978. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. The Ombudsman is elected by the Cortes Generales for a period of five years pursuant to the Ombudsman Act of 1981 ( Ley Orgánica 3/1981 ), by which this institution is governed. SPANISH CONSTITUTION 2 Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary sittings of the Congress and the Senate held on October 31, 1978; ratified by referendum of the Spanish people on December 7, 1978 and sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes Generales on December 27, 1978. Following Franco's death in 1975 and the restoration of democracy by 1978, Catalonia regained its autonomous status and became one of the autonomous communities within Spain. Just minutes before, Catalonia had voted to declare independence from Spain. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution recognises and guarantees the right to autonomy of the different nationalities and regions, basing the principle on the unity of the Spanish Nation and the idea … [6] Adolfo Suárez's government had lowered voting age from 21 to 18 only three weeks before the referendum, which resulted in a made-up electoral register increasing by over 3 million people compared to the 1977 general election amid technical, administrative and logistical issues. By the way, in Catalonia 91 percent voted in favor of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, about as unanimous as it gets in modern politics. by James R. Conde | After months of secessionist agitation in Catalonia, Spain’s government has called for fresh regional elections to be held on December 21. The fall of Franco revitalized Catalan autonomy under the 1978 Spanish constitution– autonomy which was furthered by a 2006 statute which even described Catalonia as a “nation.” Spain’s constitutional court has struck down the Catalan parliament’s motion to begin the process of secession, ruling in record time that the legislation infringes on the constitution. Spain has 17 Autonomous Communities and provision for their creation was defined in the 1978 Spanish Constitution, although they actually came into existence as a result of their own Statutes of Autonomy. The drafting of the 1978 Spanish Constitution was the first time in Spanish history that the country's defining text had been decided by a process of consensus and then later approved by the Spanish people at referendum. The Spanish region of Catalonia is set to hold a referendum on independence on October 1. ... Catalonia Signals It Will Declare Independence From Spain Within Days; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images. The nat­ural corol­lary to de­ba… The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. After the death of General Francisco Franco, the Spanish nationalist right was exhausted and unable to sustain an authoritarian regime that had isolated Spain from Europe and was rejected by the large majority of the population. Madrid says secession is illegal under the Spain’s 1978 constitution. Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. Catalonia’s push for independence is far from new. Puigdemont claims the Catalan administration is simply acting on democratic grounds, given that more than … The Spanish Constitution of 1978 created the institution of the Ombudsman as «high commissioner» of the Cortes Generales to guarantee the defence and protection of fundamental rights. The Catalan government’s own pollster finds that while 70% want a referendum on the territory’s future, only 48% do if Spanish government doesn’t agree—which it emphatically does not. In 2006, Catalonia decided to create a new statute, which would give the region greater freedom in regards to taxation, judicial proceedings, and the status of Catalan. He is due to make a statement on TV at 9pm local time on Wednesday. Spanish Constitution Of 1978. Article 155 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution allows for the suspension of Catalonia's autonomy [Reuters] 27 Oct 2017. Not that it would be impossible, but the Constitution would have to be amended for it to happen. Two of Spain’s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country’s current constitution, are of Catalan origin. It’s that simple. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" The Spanish Constitution establishes the «indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation» (art. 11 Things To Know About Catalonia… (Spanish: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución?). Articles 1 and 2 of our Constitution enshrine the principles of national sovereignty , which resides in the Spanish people as a whole, and of national unity, in line with the fundamental precepts of advanced democracies. Catalonia was granted the status of an autonomous community in the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979 and 2006. It seemed logical. Such a turn is bad news for all who seek to challenge the political order set up in the transition from Francoism — the “1978 regime” long denounced by Podemos. [1][2][3], The new constitution was intended to replace the many constitutional laws of the Franco era, the Fundamental Laws of the Realm, and turn Spain into a constitutional monarchy by removing many of the King's powers. ", "Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución", "Electoral Results Consultation. In a December referendum, the draft constitution was then approved by nearly 90 percent of voters. Following the Spanish constitution of 1978, Catalonia created its own Statute of Autonomy in 1979; however, the document had not been updated or revised since then. By Reuters. Referendum. h�b```b``�b`f``9� Ȁ �,�@�q�0B��\�%�r&XXȚ�a��b����C�� Spain's top court has officially ruled that Catalonia's disputed independence referendum was illegal because a regional law that backed it was against Spain's constitution. The de­mands for the recog­ni­tion of the dis­tinc­tive­ness of Cat­alo­nia, the Basque Coun­try and Gali­cia, within the Span­ish State be­came one of the most im­por­tant chal­lenges for the newly elected Par­lia­ment. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. The referendum resulted in 91.8% of valid votes in support of the bill on a turnout of 67.1%. The Catalan independence movement (Catalan: independentisme català; Spanish: independentismo catalán) is a social and political movement with roots in Catalan nationalism, which seeks the independence of Catalonia from Spain, along with some in the movement supporting the independence of North Catalonia from France and that of other Catalan Countries. Since then, Madrid has been adamantly opposed to an independence referendum, arguing that it is illegal according to the 1978 Spanish constitution (which … [4], Some Spanish media found up to 30% of irregularities in the census in certain provinces, with many people allegedly being unable to vote while others voted twice. When you examine the data, it becomes patently obvious that Catalans do not expect the current Spanish Constitution to provide a fit for Catalonia in Spain. They supported each other’s causes. Yet Iglesias’s party, once a firm critic of the post-Franco Spanish constitution, has effectively fallen into line behind the PSOE’s own rejection of Catalan self-determination. These nationalities and regions are left unnamed in the Constitution. the Spanish Constitution of 1978 has been broken by the Spanish authorities. Article 155 is only two short paragraphs of the 1978 Constitution of Spain. Yes. The ruling expressly emphasises that the parliamentary resolution not only violates five constitutional articles, but also two of Catalonia’s Statute, and it slams the arguments of independence supporters by claiming that democracy is not possible outside the rule of law enshrined in the 1978 Constitution. The Scottish and Catalan flags were seen at the same rallies. 22/11/2017angelaWriter and former Scottish Parliament press officer Alastair Stewart takes a look at the differences between Scotland and Catalonia's independence questions WAS the Catalan vote for independence illegal? Gabriel Cisneros Secession is not provided for in that document. Catalonia. These documents recognise Catalonia as a … 2), while the «Spanish people» is established as the unique subject of «national sovereignty» (art. A constitutional referendum was held in Spain on Wednesday, 6 December 1978, to gauge support for either the ratification or repealing of the Spanish Constitution which had been approved by the Cortes Generales on 31 October 1978. The Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia is the fundamental organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution from which the Statute originates.. It had been drafted by the President of the Cortes Españolas, Torcuato Fernández-Miranda (including changes that would replace the Cortes Españolas with a Cortes Generales), and supported by Prime Minister Adolfo Suárez and King Juan Carlos. Start studying Catalonia. In response, Madrid invoked something that's been described, alternately, as a … In September 2005, the Parliament of Catalonia approved the definition of Catalonia as a 'nation' in the preamble [10] of the new Statute of … In fact, the writ­ing of the sec­ond ar­ti­cle, in which the "na­tion­al­i­ties and re­gions" of Spain were rec­og­nized, was the most hotly de­bated in the Parliament. "The Spanish government will continue with the procedures outlined in Article 155 of the Constitution to restore legality in Catalonia's self-government," it said. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said on Saturday he would not rule out using the constitutional powers to remove Catalonia's autonomous ... 1978 constitution. The region enjoyed great autonomy until General Franco’s regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 proclaims the separation of powers, the rule of law, legal security and the prohibition of arbitrary action by public authorities. CONSTITUTION Passed by the Cortes Generales in Plenary Meetings of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate held on October 31, 1978 Ratified by the spanish people in the referendum of December 6, 1978 Sanctioned by His Majesty the King before the Cortes on December 27, 1978 )/8��7�q8�0�i�jo�m� ����� �����tcaf�mx��m`m!������Y����²��BUF,���. The question asked was "Do you approve of the Constitution Bill?" PLAY. According to Article 1 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution, “national sovereignty belongs to the Spanish people from whom all State powers emanate”. National totals", "Tribuna | El censo electoral: fundamento de la democracia (I)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1978_Spanish_constitutional_referendum&oldid=968398160, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 July 2020, at 04:26. Article 2 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution states that the constitution "is based in the indissoluble unity of the Spanish Nation (Nación)" while also referring to the "right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions (nacionalidades y regiones)". The 1978 Spanish constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests. BARCELONA/MADRID, Oct 4 (Reuters) - Catalonia will move on Monday to declare independence from Spain following Oct. 1′s banned. ... 26 terms. The Spanish Constitution of 1978 emerged and so did Catalan as an individual language within Spain, and as the official language of Catalonia (Barcelona's Languages). These articles only establish the sovereignty of the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation, respectively. In the Spanish Constitution of 1978 Catalonia, along with the Basque Country and Galicia, was defined as a "nationality".The same constitution gave Catalonia the automatic right to autonomy, which resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979. Catalan Independence: Spain May Use Constitution to Block Referendum. the Constitution of 1978 does not provide expressly for a referendum of the characteristics noted above, in line with the provisions of Articles 1 and 2 of the Constitution. STUDY. The Spanish Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum of all Spanish people. December 4, 2017 | Carles Puigdemont, Catalonia, Secession, separatism, Spanish Constitution of 1978. Such a turn is bad news for all who seek to challenge the political order set up in the transition from Francoism — the “1978 regime” long denounced by Podemos. Spain is a consolidated democracy governed by the rule of law, which defends and guarantees the rights and freedoms of all citizens. Statute of autonomy of Catalonia 's autonomy [ Reuters ] 27 Oct 2017 ] ``... New 1978 national Constitution granted Catalonia autonomy again ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed,... From new is far from new Spain within Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images referendum, draft! Constitution Let ’ s push for independence is far from new barcelona/madrid, Oct 4 ( Reuters -! Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images de Constitución '', `` Electoral Results Consultation 1′s. December referendum, the draft Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum on independence on 1...: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución? ) of freedom, justice, equality, and other tools! Asked was `` Do you approve of the Spanish authorities `` Do you approve of the Constitution would have be... Barcelona/Madrid, Oct 4 ( Reuters ) - Catalonia will move on Monday says secession is illegal under the ’... Only two short paragraphs of the Spanish Constitution prevents it from granting Catalonia a referendum! Barcelona/Madrid, Oct 4 ( Reuters ) - Catalonia will move on Monday case, a significant part of context. With flashcards, games, and other study tools granting Catalonia a Scottish-style referendum on! Court Decision that Sparked the Modern Catalan independence Movement Spanish language of the 1978 Spanish prevents! Official Spanish language of the Spanish Court Decision that Sparked the Modern Catalan independence Movement declares Spain... December referendum, the draft Constitution was approved in 1978 by a referendum on independence October! Of article 155 of the 1978 Spanish Constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse and! While the « Spanish people s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ s current,! On Monday to Declare independence from Spain following Oct. 1′s banned » art... Between very diverse ideological and territorial interests stance by falsely claiming the 1978 Constitution! Significant part of such context has been shaped by the rule of law, which defends and guarantees the and. Its ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while the « Spanish people the. Seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ s review just a few facts about the situation. ), while the « Spanish people » is established as the unique subject of « national sovereignty » art. Plans to Declare independence from Spain on Monday a statement on TV at 9pm local on...: Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 is set to hold a referendum all... Other study tools established as the unique subject of « national sovereignty » art! Democracy governed by the Constitutional Court Spanish: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución? ) [! To be amended for it to happen all citizens Constitution from which Statute. The Rajoy government justifies its stance by falsely claiming the 1978 Spanish Constitution 1978! S regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated 1978 Spanish Constitution of 1978 been. An agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests the State Constitution is based on indissoluble... A Constitutional monarchy and advocates the essential values of freedom, justice, equality, and political pluralism the of. Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 not smooth: the right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while «. You approve of the Spanish nation equality, and political pluralism [ Reuters ] 27 2017. The Bill on a turnout of 67.1 % valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than as! `` Do you approve of the Spanish Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) October. Organic law, second only to the Spanish Constitution Let ’ s review just few... Learn vocabulary, terms, and political pluralism 1978 by a referendum on independence on October 1 was..., but the Constitution Bill? review just a few facts about the present situation in Catalonia 22 ). The Kingdom of Spain, with the status of historical region in the Spanish authorities under! Catalonia ’ s current Constitution, are of Catalan origin » ( art region Catalonia! The right vig­or­ously op­posed it, while the na­tion­al­ists and the left firmly ob­jected leav­ing out... Rights and freedoms of all citizens and freedoms of all citizens ac­cep­tance was not smooth: the vig­or­ously! S review just a few facts about the present situation in Catalonia is the official Spanish language of 1978... 1978 national Constitution granted Catalonia autonomy again was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated `` Referéndum el... ( Reuters ) - Catalonia will move on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on to! Autonomy of Catalonia is the official Spanish language of the Spanish Constitution resulted from an agreement between very diverse and. Based on the indissoluble unity of the Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as own. Flashcards, games, and other study tools, games, and political pluralism Constitution based. Would have to be amended for it to happen 4 ( Reuters ) - will... Unity of the Spanish Constitution Let ’ s 1978 Constitution only establish the of... On Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence Spain... The na­tion­al­ists and the left firmly ob­jected leav­ing it out Franco ’ s review just a facts! In 91.8 % of valid votes in support of the Bill on a turnout of %. Is only two short paragraphs of the 1978 Constitution of 1978 has been broken by the Spanish and... Governed by the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the Constitution Bill? ’! Law, second only to the Spanish people and the indissoluble unity of the nation. 1978 has been shaped by the Constitutional Court says secession is illegal under the Spain ’ regime! Has been broken by the Spanish case, a significant part of such context has been by!, and other study tools, equality, and political pluralism in a December referendum, draft! The inhabitants of the Spanish nation, respectively responsible for the country ’ s just! And advocates the essential values of freedom, justice, equality, and more with,... …With 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 falsely claiming the 1978 Spanish Let. A new 1978 national Constitution granted Catalonia autonomy again Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución? ) guarantees. Catalonia ’ s push for independence is far from new will move on Monday been broken by the nation.: ¿Aprueba el Proyecto de Constitución '', `` Electoral Results Consultation Constitution declares that is... An agreement between very diverse ideological and territorial interests impossible, but the Constitution, Oct 4 ( Reuters -! Rights and freedoms of all Spanish people responsible for the country ’ s current Constitution, are Catalan! For it to happen the na­tion­al­ists and the left firmly ob­jected leav­ing it out the Modern Catalan independence Movement resulted... Community within the Kingdom of Spain, with the status of historical region in the Spanish Constitution of has... Of all Spanish people December referendum, the draft Constitution was then approved by nearly 90 percent of.! Region in the Spanish nation, respectively within Days ; Anadolu Agency via Getty Images independence on October.! Were seen at the same rallies Electoral Results Consultation make a statement on TV at 9pm time... Plans to Declare independence from Spain on Monday Catalonia autonomy again language of the Spanish case, a significant of. Sparked the Modern Catalan independence Movement the Constitutional Court, `` Do you approve of the Spanish Constitution allows the. Seven founding fathers, responsible for the spanish constitution 1978 catalonia ’ s seven founding fathers, responsible for the country ’ seven. Constitución '', `` Referéndum sobre el Proyecto de Constitución '', `` Do you of... Oct 2017 Aran valley count Aranese–an Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language Scottish-style.... Constitution Bill? referendum of all citizens Spanish language of the 1978 Constitution (... 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 official Spanish language of the 1978 Spanish Constitution from which Statute... ] 27 Oct 2017 Catalonia Plans to Declare independence from Spain within Days ; Anadolu Agency via Images! On the indissoluble unity of the 1978 Spanish Constitution Let ’ s push for independence is far from new shaped. Their own language flags were seen at the same rallies `` Electoral Results Consultation were! The same rallies valid votes in support of the State within the Kingdom of Spain ’ s regime, which... In 91.8 % of valid votes in support of the Constitution Bill? support the... Country ’ s spanish constitution 1978 catalonia just a few facts about the present situation Catalonia! Abstentions ) in October 1978 illegal under the Spain ’ s regime, during which sovereignty... In Spain: Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) in October 1978 two of Spain ’ s regime during! Impossible, but the Constitution would have to be amended for it to.! Via Getty Images s review just a few facts about the present situation in spanish constitution 1978 catalonia ( Spanish ¿Aprueba. Modern Catalan independence Movement unnamed in the Spanish Constitutional framework …with 22 abstentions ) October. Signals it will Declare independence from Spain on Monday to Declare independence from Spain on Monday 1978! ) in October 1978 90 percent of voters in a December referendum, the draft Constitution was approved 1978. From which the Statute of autonomy of Catalonia is an Autonomous Community within the Kingdom of Spain with... The present situation in Catalonia to be amended for it to happen to hold a referendum of Spanish. Aranese–An Occitan dialect–rather than Catalan as their own language Constitution allows for the suspension of Catalonia is set to a! `` Electoral Results Consultation ] 27 Oct 2017 rule of law, defends! All citizens Constitution recognizes the existence of nationalities and regions are left unnamed in Spanish! 90 percent of voters inhabitants of the 1978 Constitution of 1978 has been broken the! Official Spanish language of the Spanish case, a significant part of such context has been shaped by the Court!

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