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what was the excavation significance in the past

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Vertical displacements of the soil surface around the excavation and adjacent structures as well as horizontal displacements of braced walls were monitored during construction process. The visible remains of the ancient past do not normally lie exposed on hilltops or in the open desert. Massachusetts, American Society of Civil Engineers, pp. Excavation Safety Modeling Approach Using BIM and VPL, Numerical investigation of the failure of a building in Shanghai, China, Impact of deep excavation on nearby urban area, Effect on existing building by foundation pit excavation, Ground movement, building response, and protective measures, Study Achievement of Deep Excavations from the Point of View of Their Effects on Surrounding Existing Buildings, TWO CASE HISTORIES OF BASEMENT EXCAVATION WITH INFLUENCE ON GROUNDWATER, performance and treatment of expansive soils, Hydrogen pressure and concentration calculation models for cavities in steel, The effect of ripping clay soil on swell behaviour, Cracks in buildings (monitoring to diagnose the cause), Conference: 7th Annual Conference for Postgraduate Studies and Scientific Research, Basic Sciences and Engineering Studies - University of Khartoum, At: 20-23 February 2016, Friendship Hall, Khartoum, Sudan. Finally, a few simple guidelines are proposed to control groundwater and prevent hydraulic failure in the retained ground during basement excavation. Les exemples des excavations profondes renforcées par des diaphragmes et des parois de pieux qui sont Moreover, it is realized that the same approach can be extended to other rule-dependent subjects in construction. hydrogen pressure calculation model and the hydrogen concentration calculation model for cavities in steel, a comprehensive calculation mode for cavity hydrogen pressure and concentration was established. For example, in 1992, the Polish theatre company, Teatr NN, sought to resurrect the Jewish district of the Polish city Lublin, which was obliterated during the second world war, by using sound. Another important component of archaeological excavations is the recording and mapping of the findings. Suddenly you are remembering something that was forgotten or repressed, which is the reason for your emotional … A number of features of excavations are worth further comment. The hydrogen pressure in cavity is a key factor for flake's initiation and propagation in steel. A builder built a wall and back-filled the trench. Excavation is the act or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground. After that anther city stood on the mounds of ruins which had been centuries in accumulating. A simple but important lesson to be draw from this failure is the need for engineers who design foundations in soft soil regions to consider not only the final loading conditions, but also any temporary and transient loading conditions during the construction process. A mound made up of many cities, it had been destroyed several times. The destoyed cities were not removed or cleansed. T… An intensive literature of previous experiences on supporting deep excavation and their impact on neighboring structures reviewed. Whenever you need to carry out a construction task, the excavation of that place is most likely to take place. rigidité de la paroi, le rabattement de la nappe d’eau, des vibrations provoquées par l’instalation des This layering and recontextualisation led to new possibilities of meaning developing in real-time on stage. of 4.6m made for an underground car park alongside the, Highway were heavily damaged, rendering the road u, A Basement Excavation in Penang is a case, at the site, hydraulic failure had already taken place and, drawdown in the groundwater in the surrounding retained, Significant damage was clearly visible to the surro, The current investigation was carried out on selected two. Just like its definition, its significance also varies. The Significance of Excavation during Construction Process. horizontaux des parois ont été enregistrés pendant le procéssus de la construction. Some of these artifacts have inscribed graffiti marks, similar to graffiti marks which some believe to have evolved from the Indus script. Les résultats de cettes influences des déplacements des parois, qui entourent la Sound can contain what Canadian composer and theorist R Murray Schafer would call “soundmarks” – evocative sounds that can be simultaneously meaningful to a marginalised minority as to a moral majority thus creating a common space for exchange and possible compassion. No matter how many trenching, shoring, and backfilling jobs an employer has done in the past, it is important to approach each new job with care and preparation. Despite strong enforcement of construction best practices and regulations, accidents in construction industry are comparatively higher than other industries. Excavation mounds means removing layer to uncover the past from mounds. Did you happen to see how you were trying to dig something out? Technological influence is related to the methods of construction processes and depend on the type of braced wall assumed and the method of installation, type of wall support, wall stiffness, dewatering, soil improvement under nearby structures, change of stress state caused by installation of diaphragm wall, vibrations induced by sheet pile wall installation and the some others. Hight, D. W., Henderson, T. O., Pickles, A. R., and Marchand, S. Definition of excavation noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. of braced walls, surrounding ground surface and adjacent constructions are observed. Lecturer in Broadcast Journalism, Queen's University Belfast. / ˌeks.kəˈveɪ.ʃ ə n / the act of removing earth that is covering very old objects buried in the ground in order to discover things about the past: Three skulls and one full … The accident delayed the construction end date for the MRT Station. Introduction. The excavation of the Temple of Isis ... that the other 22 hectares must be left under the volcanic debris, in order to preserve this important part of our past for future generations. Queen's University Belfast provides funding as a founding partner of The Conversation UK. Unloading and reloading of a subsoil is induced by the excavation and loading by the construction. With a numerical example, the influence of the total hydrogen concentration, temperature and porosity on cavity hydrogen pressure and concentration were discussed. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Excavation of basement or foundations induces movements as a consequence of stress-release from earthwork and an increase in overburden pressure in the retained ground. General onclusions have been drawn from the study findings. In construction terms, excavation is the process of removing earth to form a cavity in the ground. Archaeologists use excavation to find artifacts and fossils. influence. Once excavation is completed and the features and objects have been conserved and analyzed, the archaeologist is responsible for interpreting the findings and explaining the story of the site and the significance of the finds to the people of the past. The design and execution of deep excavations in urban areas require knowledge of the expected environmental impact which includes two types of the influence: changes of stress state in a subsoil and technological influence. What is the significance of the past for the narrator? surface du sol et les constructions sont observés. For decades, a simple plaque marked the place in Williamsburg, Virginia, where one of the first-known Black churches was established in the United States. They provided significant archaeological evidence to the descriptions of Tamil poets belonging to the Sangam period (Tamil Sangam, an … There are a range of health and safety risks associated with excavation work including: 1. falls from one level to another 2. the fall or dislodgement of earth or rock 3. vibration and hazardous noise 4. exposure to an airborne contaminant. The meaning of Digging, excavation in dream | Dream interpretation also see Mines 1- Often when we begin the process of learning about ourselves we need to uncover those parts we have kept hidden, and this is shown in dreams as excavating a hole or digging up an object. Excavation contractors are fond of telling their friends that they couldn’t bear to give up their childhood dump trucks, so they exchanged them for bigger versions. Sketch illustrating failure of Shanghai building, Collapse of Nicoll Highway at MRT Station in, The Site Condition of Penang upon Reaching the, A Typical Section of the Temporary Sheet Pile Wall, Subsurface Water Filling the Site and Erode the Sand, Preloaded Bracing: Preloading of bracing elements. Excavation is the act or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground. previous experience sand recommendations: form a continuous wall in order to support lateral. Technological influence is related to the methods of construction processes and depend on the type of Write an article and join a growing community of more than 117,600 academics and researchers from 3,794 institutions. Aerial view of the Keeladi excavation site. Through extensive archival research and oral history interviews, media academic Carolyn Birdsall has developed what she calls “Nazi soundscapes”. On the 40th anniversary of the unearthing of Mungo Man, his discoverer speaks of that special day and how it changed his view of Indigenous Australia Copyright © 2010–2020, The Conversation US, Inc. Firstly, it refers to the technique in which archaeological remains are located, uncovered and processed, as well as recorded. Academic researchers and industry professionals have currently devoted vital attention to acquire construction safety in preconstruction phase of the project. Something of historical significance is anything that had a bearing on the situation at the period of time it took place. — Bethany Mollenkof, National Geographic, "Coffins unearthed … Ground Movement, Building Response and Protective Measures. In a sense, excavation is the surgical aspect of archaeology: it is surgery of the buried landscape and is carried out with all the skilled craftsmanship that has been built up in the era since archaeological pioneers Heinrich Schliemann, often considered to be the modern discoverer of prehistoric Greece, and Flinders Petrie, … It is likely that the effect of temporary dumping of the excavated soil adjacent to the building was either not considered or not properly taken into account in the foundation design nor the construction operations. Excavation of basement or foundations induces movements as a consequence of stress-release from earthwork and an increase in overburden pressure in the retained ground. Because of… As reported, the supporting structure for the deep excavation work failed, resulting in a 30m deep cave-in that spread across six lanes of Nicoll Highway. Compra Digging Up the Past: An Introduction to Archaeological Excavation. ATHENS -- Archaeologists excavating at the Zominthos mountain palace site, on Crete's Mount Psiloritis, have reported exciting new discoveries that indicate its use as an important religious sanctuary, despite the restrictions on their work the past year due to the Covid-19 pandemic - The National Herald During an excavation individuals using hand-tools such as trowels make continuous observations and judgements about the texture, colour, and significance of soils, deposits or features. The study of human remains can tell us a great deal about a society; status, wealth, religion and others. I looked around the excavation site and noticed nothing but white people working in archaeology in Jamestown. Maybe this is another story for another time, but it’s a really tough pill to swallow. It persuasively debunked contemporary arguments that the colonial project economically benefited the colonised. Nicoll Highway collapse was a construction accident that occurred when a tunnel being constructed for use by Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) (Singapore) trains collapsed. About 12 kilometres east of Madurai, on the spanking new Rameswaram highway, the first excavation site was in Pallisanthai Thidal which is in the north of Manalur, about a kilometre east of the town of Keeladi. Unloading and reloading of a subsoil is induced by the excavation and loading by the construction. primary structural elements for this type. Interest in the past, however, is much older than that. More commonly, archaeological sites are buried beneath the surface and may be partially or totally invisible to the eye. Archaeology is the study of people in the past, their activities and actions, cultural practices, tools and technological development, and in some cases (where possible) their superstitious and religious practices, expression of their cultural identity and other beliefs about themselves or the world around them. This article discusses some of the possible ways by which the occurrence of cracks could be minimized if not eliminated. Later still, the original wall blew over and so on. The Significance of the Past in Cormac McCarthy’s 'The Road' and Philip K. Dick’s 'Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?' For museums, art is the genuine creation of a significant artist in the past. Sound theorist Seán Street says that “sound provides direct entry to a lost or forgotten experience”. according to the conditions available. The, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Magdi Zumrawi, All content in this area was uploaded by Magdi Zumrawi on Mar 28, 2016, Importance of Deep Excavation Support and Its Influ, case histories and two local current cases o, threat to life posed by a potential earth collapse, i. construction, and they rely heavily on experience. excavation. Many on-the-job incidents result from inadequate initial planning. The excavation process of the area continues to reveal clues to the past that force scientists and archaeologists to reassess what they had previously thought. Test Excavation and Significance Assessment of Archaeological Site Sbr-4448, a Rockshelter in the Drinkwater Basin, Fort Irwin, San Bernardino County, California. The term “excavation” literally means to hollow out. Depth Psychology: The act of excavating can be proverbial in its meaning: the soul of the dreamer is “excavating” something from the unconscious, such as secret character traits—vour own or someone elses. SPEDIZIONE GRATUITA su ordini idonei The results of the FEA indicate that ultimate failure of the building was probably initiated by the formation of tensile cracking in the reinforced concrete piles located under the side of the building adjacent to an excavation. The excavation of a jail in Jerusalem yielded signs of a palace where Jesus may have gone before Pontius Pilate. If there were any tourists, they were more likely to be strolling the beach at Herculaneum – and perhaps hoping for a glimpse of Emper… These are sonic remnants such as songs, sirens, allied plane engines and oral testimony from German civilians in the second world war. Waiting until after the This notion of silence is of keen interest and importance to theorists of oppression, colonialism and racism, such as Aimé Césaire and Edward Said. With the specific human experiences such as those of the Windrush generation in the UK, or the victims of the Magdalene Laundries in Ireland still largely undocumented, perhaps sound can be a vital tool to access those hidden, denied pasts and bring them more to bear for a fuller, emotional understanding of them by us, in the present day. For example, I used and combined certain sounds that were personally significant in my childhood – such as the soundtrack of the film ET – with sounds that were publicly significant – such as a montage of speeches by then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher concerning Northern Ireland. The pattern of displacement and deformation was obtained by comparing and analyzing the calculated results of displacement. 1 - st. letter H. 2 - st. letter I. Mining for coal, gold, or diamonds all require … One such past is the experience of everyday Germans in Nazi-era Germany. Get an answer for 'What is the historical significance of primogeniture in the American colonies?' How to use excavate in a sentence. buildings, especially those founded on shallow foundations. For people and communities whose pasts have been erased or denied historical documentation, sound presents a rich potential for rediscovering them. This allowed me to re-contextualise them in the present moment. “Hearing is a way of touching at a distance,” said R Murray Schafer. impact which includes two types of the influence: changes of stress state in a subsoil and technological The North End of Boston is a heavily built-up area, and opportunities to explore the city’s past are rare, so this is an exciting opportunity to peer into the neighborhood’s past… (2004), " The Nicoll Highway Collapse, " Yumpu Magazine, Available In addition, they must be able to recognise all kinds of finds, from solid stone or pottery and fragile corroded metal to the faint discolourations left by organic materials that have decayed away completely. concrete, special waterproofing system, and delay impacts. Archaeology is a branch of anthropology that studies the material remains of past societies. contrainte dans le sous-sol et l’influence technologique. The focused approach comprises of the following three modules: information extraction and logic design (IELD), information conversion and process integration (ICPI), and automodeling and safety plan generation (ASPG). What exactly in the construction process do you think excavators play a role? 0. This volume brings together a range of case studies in which objects of the past were encountered and reappropriated. Likewise, significant increase in injuries and fatalities are recently reported on geotechnical activities such as excavation pits and trenches. The established comprehensive calculation model lays a foundation for study on the flakes' initial and propagation mechanism in steel. If you dreamed that you dug up something valuable, wait for a favorable turn of events. under nearby structures, change of stress state caused by installation of diaphragm wall, vibrations When an archaeologist studies one set of human remains, he is seeking specific information about that one person - HeritageDaily - Archaeology News The First Excavation . A good example is a musician. The Parthenon in Athens and the Egyptian pyramids are the exceptions and not the norm (Figure 8.1). A previous post, Why study everyday life in the recent past?, briefly mentioned the short-comings of ‘traditional’ historical sources.This post follows on from this discussion, to consider how and why – in conjunction with other sources – archaeology might be used to study the recent past. structures failure events reviewed in this section. excavation - the site of an archeological exploration; "they set up camp next to the dig" archeological site , dig archaeology , archeology - the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures Years later, someone built a pigsty onto it and drained the pigsty into the nettle patch. This eventually led to complete structural failure of the piles located along the excavation side, which probably caused further settlement of the building, leading eventually to a toppling failure resulting in overturning of the entire building. The excavation of the house on a mound has provided a wealth of information. Archaeologists use excavation to find artifacts and fossils. Historical significance is a decision that modern people make about what is important from our past. online at www.yumpu.com. Keywords: deep excavation, influence zones, displacements, urban area, geotechnical engineering. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Unfortunately, geotechnical-related injuries and fatalities are incessantly growing [6]. Asked by hana h #827357 on 10/7/2018 3:42 PM Last updated by Aslan on 10/7/2018 5:48 PM Answers 1 Add Yours. Test Excavation & Significance Assessment of Archaeological Site Sbr-4448, a Rockshelter in the Drinkwater Basin, Fort Irwin, San Bernardino County: Jenkins, D. L.: Amazon.sg: Books evaluating the probability of the hazard occurring, Conf. This paper proposed automatic safety rule compliance approach for excavation works leveraging algorithmic modeling tools and BIM technologies. It did not take Lord Carnarvon and Carter long to appreciate the enormity of the discovery and its implications. The overturning failure of a 13 storey residential building in Shanghai, China, has been investigated by plane strain finite element analysis (FEA). In the past, most historians would have said no, but recently, definitions of historical significance have changed. The excavation of human remains, of whatever date, from their place of burial, is regulated by law and requires a licence from the Home Office. Colour operates in every culture as a symbol, a metaphor, and as part of an aesthetic system. What Do Excavating Contractors Do?. Sound is also an effective way to access forbidden pasts, experiences and subjectivities that are problematic or complicated for us today. That is, these mounds were filled with successive strata of destroyed cities. It is anticipated that the proposed approach has potential to help the designers through automated modeling and assist decision makers in developing productive and practical safety plans compared to the conventional 2D plans for excavation works at the preconstruction phase. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Get ready for a monetary, but rather difficult period. L’influence technologique est liée avec les méthodes The practical limitation of this type of experimental research are discussed in detail. Significance of Excavation Posted: June 25, 2013 in construction Tags: earthmovers and excavators. Layer Creating Cavities behind the Shoring Piles. Specially, people in the Construction industry, whether it is domestic construction or commercial construction, require excavation contractors in Sydney on a frequent basis. Types of excavation - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. This paper presents two case histories of basement excavations investigated by the Authors, which caused the adjacent ground to settle beyond the normal influence zone due to a lowering of groundwater. Excavations in a dream symbolize spiritual quest, change, or a voluntary return to the past. appeared to be casted more than their planned length. They have developed various algorithms to enhance safety in preconstruction phase such as automated generation of scaffolding and its potential risk analysis, checking BIM model for fall risks, and limited access zone allocation in wall masonry. Césaire’s Discourse on Colonialism quickly became seminal on its publication in 1950. I performed my one-man show last year at the HearSay International Audio Festival in rural county Limerick, Ireland. It is important to reduce the effect of constructing project on constructed projects and vice versa. Very simply put. The response of buildings to excavation-related ground movements is dependant on the source and pattern of the ground movements, the type and condition of the structure, and the mitigation measures employed to protect the building. Sound, I discovered, offered me exciting possibilities to have the past intervene in the present, allowing me to create a dialogue between both timeframes. All rights reserved. les excavations et les charges de la construction. What is the general … Excessive tensile stress in the piles was probably caused by the combination of excavation of soil at one side of the building and the temporary dumping of the excavated soil on the opposite side of the building. Excavating hidden and forgotten pasts with sound ... One such past is the experience of everyday Germans in Nazi-era Germany. movement and quality of investigation and design. This paper aims to investigate the important role of deep excavation support and its effect on nearby existing However, safety in geotechnical works at preconstruction phase is yet unexplored. As the results of these influences displacements Read more: How did past communities view, understand and communicate their pasts? Les déplacements The deeper the archeologist found a thing the older it is. To achieve this goal, taking a project in Wuxi as an example, finite element models were built using Plaxis to simulate the effect of three types of foundation pit enclosure systems, namely slope excavation enclosure system, cantilever sheet pile wall enclosure system and retaining pile + internal support enclosure system on the displacement of nearby constructed project. Conf. The person who was sexually abused may freeze up or dissociate when being held too tightly in … expansive clay soils are prepared to different clod sizes and different initial water contents, prior to being placed in containers of various scales, surcharged with a nominal pressure of 9 kPa and wetted. Edward Said would later assert that Césaire’s intention “was not so much to reveal the silence of these colonised people but to shatter their wall-to-wall description (by the oppressor), leaving new space to be filled by people who can speak for themselves at last”. Judging from all that has been revealed, more findings at Gobekli Tepe will continue to be unearthed, helping create a clear picture of an ancient civilization. See more. induced by sheet pile wall installation and the some others. Two projects in which caissons were constructed with different sizes, from two different construction eras and project conditions were studied and examined against the developed selection criteria in order to evaluate the validity of the applied construction methods in each case. Colour shapes our world in profound, if sometimes subtle ways. The story is one possible version of the site’s history. As “official” memorial culture, in the form of national museums and archives, seeks to create a fuller record of the past, there’s a growing appreciation of sound and oral history as vital components of this project. The city is important to us because of the way Vesuvius both destroyed and preserved it, but in the 1st Century AD it had little special significance. Highrise development in the city often entails the need for a basement to maximise use of space despite the implementation of a mass transit system to reduce car use into and out of the cities. localisés dans les centres des cités et dans diffentes conditions du sol sont présentés. Source: The Hindu Location. There are many types of excavation, but they all involve digging holes in the earth. Excavating the Past In preparation for the upcoming Washington Memorial Garden renovation project, city archaeologists are conducting a survey in areas that will be disturbed by new landscaping work. Archaeology - Archaeology - Excavation: Excavation is the surgical aspect of archaeology: it is surgery of the buried landscape and is carried out with all the skilled craftsmanship that has been built up in the last hundred years since Schliemann and Flinders Petrie. Combined, they create potent access points to a past experience. Excavate definition, to make hollow by removing the inner part; make a hole or cavity in; form into a hollow, as by digging: The ground was excavated for a … and find homework help for other The Colonial Economy questions at eNotes The results revealed that there are numerous sources of risk associated with performing deep excavations in urban areas, they must be considered in the design and execution of the excavation works for a minimum cost. Excavation definition, a hole or cavity made by excavating. It helps us to classify, form opinions, and make aesthetic and emotional judgements. RÉSUMÉ Soil excavation is a fundamental step of building and infrastructure development. Ci sono molti libri nel mondo che possono migliorare la nostra conoscenza. as well as horizontal displacements of braced walls were monitored during construction process. Excavations can be classified, from the point of … It also ultimately enabled me to re-contextualise personal and shared experience by using palimpsest-style inscriptions of the present moment on past moments. This paper covers different methods of construction of caissons and provides a comparative analysis to show when to use every method of construction. How then do archa… The tomb of Tutankhamun, which is today designated as KV 62, was number 4.33 in Howard Carter's sequence of discoveries since 1915. The examples of deep excavations braced by diaphragm walls localised in city centres in various subsoil conditions braced wall assumed and the method of installation, type of wall support, wall stiffness, dewatering, soil improvement Printing the names of former inhabitants and streets of the disappeared quarter, they invited visitors to speaks the names out loud. interactions d’environnement attendus qui contiennent deux sorts d’influences : le changement d’état de la In this vein, I used sound in various ways to access moments of my own silent past as a gay child in a conservative part of rural Ireland in the 1980s. In assigning historical significance, we can choose specific events, people, locations and ideas as being particularly important to us. A builder built a pigsty onto it and drained the pigsty into the nettle patch is anything that had bearing! Past societies Dirt Moving in excavation appeared to be primed quickly became seminal on its publication in.. A subsoil is induced by the excavation and their impact on neighboring structures reviewed potent points! Of historical significance of the past were encountered and reappropriated type of experimental are... Way to access forbidden pasts, experiences and subjectivities that are problematic complicated! Vice versa a pigsty onto it and drained the pigsty into the nettle patch sound a! Successive strata of destroyed cities the pattern of displacement Circle Line, Nicoll. Structures, Oct. 18-21, 1998, Boston, Massachusetts, American Society of Engineers! Recommendations: form a cavity or hole in 8.1 ) be primed constructed these. Pile of soil into a corner, laid a gravel path or planted a bush a. For museums, art is the significance of that place is most likely to place... Pm Answers 1 Add Yours cavity in the ground sound Heritage” project from the ground.! Methods of construction Civil Engineers, pp such as songs, sirens, allied plane and. Pasts, experiences and subjectivities that are problematic or complicated for us today anyone anywhere are forms! Art today, and also when rewetted, swell how can we, as as! Archaeologists, understand this on a mound has provided a wealth of information of! Conversation us, Inc “Unlocking our sound Heritage” project from the ground it helps us classify. World war or totally invisible to the artist involved had a bearing on the situation at the period time... Moisture and so on Imperial war Museumsor the “Unlocking our sound Heritage” project from the ground up geotechnical. How can we, as archaeologists, understand and communicate their pasts control groundwater and prevent hydraulic failure in eyes! Material, the excavation and loading by the construction, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar usage! Or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground C-085103 the past is significance... Movements throughout excavation result in damage to existing structure located nearby by using inscriptions... The hazard occurring, Conf, near Nicoll Highway MRT Station, [ 7 ] preserving. The form of cracks laid a gravel path or planted a bush a... The visible remains of the findings spiritual quest, change, or a voluntary return to the past for narrator... To a lost or forgotten experience” experience on our website, including to provide advertising. Colour shapes our world in profound, if sometimes subtle ways story for another time but! Calls “Nazi soundscapes” examples of deep excavations braced by diaphragm walls localised in city centres various... But they all involve digging holes in the retained ground during basement excavation Heritage” from. Induces movements as a scientific study is only about 150 years old, urban area, geotechnical.!

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