Richard L. Wiltshire writes that this book The First Transcontinental Railroad (1950), which was actually finished by his daughter [Bertha Galloway Foster] (my grandmother) after Mr. Galloway's death in 1943. There had been a number of reconnaissances made with the idea of passing by way of Virginia City, all of which showed that no practical route could be found. Judah made the point that this route was shorter by perhaps 150 miles than the route in the government reports. Finally, in 1890, Huntington ousted Stanford from the presidency of the Southern Pacific and assumed the position himself. Rose Wong / for NBC News April 22, 2019, 3:26 PM UTC It is inevitable that the memory of even exceptional men should pass away, for the living are but little concerned with the dead. A. Sargent, of the subcommittee of the House, signed a testimonial to Judah reciting his services in assisting the passage of a bill through Congress and especially for the accurate and detailed information he had supplied. Strobridge, who lived with his wife in a box car along the line, but was everywhere on the road, gained the reputation of being a hard-driving, taskmaster, ruthless in his treatment of men, especially of the Chinese. The endowment was represented as being about $20,000,000. Lewis M. Clement was born at Niagara in the province of Ontario, Canada, in August, 1837, and after a long and useful life, died at Hayward, California, October 29, 1914. The Central Pacific Railroad was the company responsible for building the western segment of the transcontinental railroad. It is not necessary to discuss to whom belongs the credit for determining the route of the railroad over the Sierra Nevada. Ultimately the road was purchased by the Central Pacific, the portion to Lincoln was removed, and from Folsom it was extended to Placerville. New York-native Henry Huntington (1850-1927), nephew of Collis P., worked on many of his uncle's far-flung railroad ventures, in the East and West. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. He next entered a mining venture, which, unlike most investments of that nature, was profitable. One of his most noteworthy achievements was his rebuilding of the bridge over the American River forty hours after it was burned. At sixteen he was in New York City, from which place he engaged in various kinds of trading throughout the country, especially in the southern states. Stanford's elder brother, Josiah, had gone to California in 1851 and three other brothers had joined him. Thus by his standing in the financial world he was able to save his road from insolvency. THE ROAD WAS BUILT PAST THE SITE OF THIS MONUMENT, OVER THE LOFTY SIERRA-ALONG THE LINE OF JUDAH'S SURVEY-TO A JUNCTION WITH THE UNION PACIFIC AT PROMONTORY, UTAH, WHERE ON MAY 10, 1869, THE "LAST SPIKE" WAS DRIVEN. Construction on the UPRR main line was delayed until the American Civil War ended in 1865. The two companies merged in 1959. In doing so he accumulated sufficient funds to become, at twenty-one, a business partner with his older brother, Solon, at Oneonta, New York. In 1864, Crédit Mobilier began supervising the UP’s construction contracts. . Founded July 1, 1862, when President Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act, Union Pacific has been building America for more than 150 years. His estimate of the general situation was correct. On January 1, 1857, Judah published a pamphlet in Washington entitled, "A Practical Plan for Building the Pacific Railroad, by T. D. Judah, Civil Engineer, San Francisco," in which he outlined the substance of a railroad project to be built by private enterprise without government aid. Many Congressmen were leery of beginning such an expensive venture, especially with the Civil War underway, but President Abraham Lincoln , who was a long time supporter of railroads, agreed with Judah. There were no difficulties in the construction and only one small creek had to be bridged. Born on February 6, 1820, in Lee, Massachusetts, USA, Thomas C. Durant was the son of Thomas Durant and Sybil Durant. After many years of married life a son was born to Stanford and his wife on May 14, 1868. I first became acquainted with Mr. Strobridge about 1883 when work was begun on the extension into Oregon, north of Redding. Their daughter, Héloïse Durant Rose (1853–1943), was a poet, dramatist, and critic. In the late 1860s, Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker (the "Big Four") planned to extend the Central Pacific Railroad down the San Joaquin Valley, connecting northern and southern California. On the Central Pacific, Arthur Brown occupied that position during the building of the major portion of the line, so that when the unusual problem of the snow sheds in the higher reaches of the Sierra Nevada was encountered, it was he, as superintendent of bridges and buildings, who designed and superintended the work. Those four men were Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. Such work was done by Clement, working under Montague, and the line was located where the road was built as it exists today. Naming a station or an engine after the dead engineer would hardly have been adequate. He pushed the Southern Pacific through to a connection with the G. H. & S. A. near Devil River, Texas, then built the Mohave-Needles line, and began, in 1883, the line up the Sacramento Canyon, where I first met him. The company gave Judah the necessary money for surveys, and field parties were soon organized. In addition to his work in California in this period, Judah attended three sessions of Congress in behalf of the Pacific Railroad Project and Carl I. . A barometric reconnaissance was made of two other routes, at that time deemed possible. The family moved to St. Claire, Michigan, and on the death of his father in 1828, the son left school to work as a clerk for several years. Later he became bookkeeper for the firm of James Rowland and Company, and in time, manager of the firm. He was close to the allotted life span of three score years and ten, and had achieved success as success is usually measured, greater than most men of his time. GROUND WAS BROKEN FOR THE RAILROAD JANUARY 8, 1863, AT THE FOOT OF K STREET NEARBY. One notable feature of his work was his location of the line around a steep mountain cliff called Cape Horn, some three miles from Colfax. The Sacramento Valley Railroad was organized by California men in 1853 with Col. Charles L. Wilson as president. Well this game can make your railroad dream come true. However, his health was failing, and while on a trip to Arizona to recuperate, lie died. He then moved west to Port Washington, an inspiring town in Wisconsin, where he practiced law for four years until fire consumed part of the town, together with Stanford's law library, papers, and other belongings. Crédit Mobilier increased the cost by 100%. The greatest confidence existed between the two men and their association of twenty-two years was terminated only by Hopkins' death in 1878. Mr. Crocker asked Strobridge if he was beaten. During the war, Durant accumulated more wealth by being a smuggler of contraband cotton from the Confederate States. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. This election brought about a final break with Huntington, who claimed that the railroad influence should have been given to A. However, it needed the trained eye of a practical engineer to determine in a preliminary way the merits of the location that was afterward adopted. Out of the men who were employed, there grew an organization for the operation of the railroad after it was completed. At later meetings Judah met for the first time the men who were to carry out the project Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. In particular, Central Pacific's attention was drawn to a new government railroad venture known as the Southern Pacific, chartered by Congress in 1866 to build rail lines from the San Francisco Bay area to San Diego, California, thence eastward to California's eastern boundary. Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it … That company did not get started building from Omaha until months after the Central started at Sacramento, but hoped to cover all the relatively easy country while the Central was getting over the mountains. It was directed to "construct a railroad and telegraph line from the Pacific coast, at or near San Francisco, or the navigable waters of the Sacramento River, to the eastern boundary of California. His leaning, however was toward a commercial life, with the result that he formed several business partnerships. The elevation of the Pass is 6,690 feet.". He not only ensured that his company would receive a large portion of land from Congress’ subsidizing distribution of 100 million public acres, but also decisively responded to the Union Pacific's inability to find a buyer for significant stock following the passage of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, which dictated that merchant holdings would be restricted to 200 shares per person. Arthur Brown Was born at the village of Kentore near Aberdeen in Scotland, in 1830. He also studied law in 1837 with his brother, Henry. Like many another of that wandering race, lie was brought to Canada as a child by his Widowed mother. Judah was promptly engaged and after hurried preparations lie and his wife sailed for California in April, 1854. Strobridge resisted, but in vain, and soon the two men were together again building railroad as they had done over many years in the past. The most noted of these was the formation of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, served by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Ultimately, Oliver and Oakes Ames, businessmen who had invested in Crédit Mobilier and Union Pacific, filed a lawsuit against Durant and dismissed him from Crédit Mobilier in May 1867. JUDAH DIED NOVEMBER 2,1863. The Chinese contribution to the Central Pacific Railroad was immeasurable. A. P. Stanford, brother of Leland Stanford, appears among the list of' directors during the years of construction. His principal interest, however, was centered in his 9,000-acre ranch near Palo Alto, where he maintained a large establishment for breeding race horses. In 1848, after the news of the discovery of gold in California had been verified, the firm shipped a consignment of goods to California by way of Cape Horn, and in March, 1949, Huntington started for California with $1,200 in his pockets. During the period of active work and the prosecution of surveys, differences of opinion had developed between Judah and the men who were directing the affairs of the company—Stanford, Huntington, Hopkins, and Crocker. The UPRR main line started in Council Bluffs, Iowa and moved west to link up with the Central Pacific Railroad line, which was built eastward from Sacramento. Formal acceptance of the contract between the government and the Central Pacific Railroad Company was signed November 1, 1862. Mr. Strobridge was a wonderful specimen of a man and I admired him greatly. Worn out by his activity in building the railroad, Crocker in 1870 proposed to his associates that they buy him out. It was then that Stanford conceived the idea of founding a university as a memorial to his lost son, and in the succeeding years the project took shape. After retiring from the railroad, he engaged in consulting service. 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Judah made the point that this route was shorter by perhaps 150 miles than the route in the government reports. Finally, in 1890, Huntington ousted Stanford from the presidency of the Southern Pacific and assumed the position himself. Rose Wong / for NBC News April 22, 2019, 3:26 PM UTC It is inevitable that the memory of even exceptional men should pass away, for the living are but little concerned with the dead. A. Sargent, of the subcommittee of the House, signed a testimonial to Judah reciting his services in assisting the passage of a bill through Congress and especially for the accurate and detailed information he had supplied. Strobridge, who lived with his wife in a box car along the line, but was everywhere on the road, gained the reputation of being a hard-driving, taskmaster, ruthless in his treatment of men, especially of the Chinese. The endowment was represented as being about $20,000,000. Lewis M. Clement was born at Niagara in the province of Ontario, Canada, in August, 1837, and after a long and useful life, died at Hayward, California, October 29, 1914. The Central Pacific Railroad was the company responsible for building the western segment of the transcontinental railroad. It is not necessary to discuss to whom belongs the credit for determining the route of the railroad over the Sierra Nevada. Ultimately the road was purchased by the Central Pacific, the portion to Lincoln was removed, and from Folsom it was extended to Placerville. New York-native Henry Huntington (1850-1927), nephew of Collis P., worked on many of his uncle's far-flung railroad ventures, in the East and West. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. He next entered a mining venture, which, unlike most investments of that nature, was profitable. One of his most noteworthy achievements was his rebuilding of the bridge over the American River forty hours after it was burned. At sixteen he was in New York City, from which place he engaged in various kinds of trading throughout the country, especially in the southern states. Stanford's elder brother, Josiah, had gone to California in 1851 and three other brothers had joined him. Thus by his standing in the financial world he was able to save his road from insolvency. THE ROAD WAS BUILT PAST THE SITE OF THIS MONUMENT, OVER THE LOFTY SIERRA-ALONG THE LINE OF JUDAH'S SURVEY-TO A JUNCTION WITH THE UNION PACIFIC AT PROMONTORY, UTAH, WHERE ON MAY 10, 1869, THE "LAST SPIKE" WAS DRIVEN. Construction on the UPRR main line was delayed until the American Civil War ended in 1865. The two companies merged in 1959. In doing so he accumulated sufficient funds to become, at twenty-one, a business partner with his older brother, Solon, at Oneonta, New York. In 1864, Crédit Mobilier began supervising the UP’s construction contracts. . Founded July 1, 1862, when President Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act, Union Pacific has been building America for more than 150 years. His estimate of the general situation was correct. On January 1, 1857, Judah published a pamphlet in Washington entitled, "A Practical Plan for Building the Pacific Railroad, by T. D. Judah, Civil Engineer, San Francisco," in which he outlined the substance of a railroad project to be built by private enterprise without government aid. Many Congressmen were leery of beginning such an expensive venture, especially with the Civil War underway, but President Abraham Lincoln , who was a long time supporter of railroads, agreed with Judah. There were no difficulties in the construction and only one small creek had to be bridged. Born on February 6, 1820, in Lee, Massachusetts, USA, Thomas C. Durant was the son of Thomas Durant and Sybil Durant. After many years of married life a son was born to Stanford and his wife on May 14, 1868. I first became acquainted with Mr. Strobridge about 1883 when work was begun on the extension into Oregon, north of Redding. Their daughter, Héloïse Durant Rose (1853–1943), was a poet, dramatist, and critic. In the late 1860s, Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker (the "Big Four") planned to extend the Central Pacific Railroad down the San Joaquin Valley, connecting northern and southern California. On the Central Pacific, Arthur Brown occupied that position during the building of the major portion of the line, so that when the unusual problem of the snow sheds in the higher reaches of the Sierra Nevada was encountered, it was he, as superintendent of bridges and buildings, who designed and superintended the work. Those four men were Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. Such work was done by Clement, working under Montague, and the line was located where the road was built as it exists today. Naming a station or an engine after the dead engineer would hardly have been adequate. He pushed the Southern Pacific through to a connection with the G. H. & S. A. near Devil River, Texas, then built the Mohave-Needles line, and began, in 1883, the line up the Sacramento Canyon, where I first met him. The company gave Judah the necessary money for surveys, and field parties were soon organized. In addition to his work in California in this period, Judah attended three sessions of Congress in behalf of the Pacific Railroad Project and Carl I. . A barometric reconnaissance was made of two other routes, at that time deemed possible. The family moved to St. Claire, Michigan, and on the death of his father in 1828, the son left school to work as a clerk for several years. Later he became bookkeeper for the firm of James Rowland and Company, and in time, manager of the firm. He was close to the allotted life span of three score years and ten, and had achieved success as success is usually measured, greater than most men of his time. GROUND WAS BROKEN FOR THE RAILROAD JANUARY 8, 1863, AT THE FOOT OF K STREET NEARBY. One notable feature of his work was his location of the line around a steep mountain cliff called Cape Horn, some three miles from Colfax. The Sacramento Valley Railroad was organized by California men in 1853 with Col. Charles L. Wilson as president. Well this game can make your railroad dream come true. However, his health was failing, and while on a trip to Arizona to recuperate, lie died. He then moved west to Port Washington, an inspiring town in Wisconsin, where he practiced law for four years until fire consumed part of the town, together with Stanford's law library, papers, and other belongings. Crédit Mobilier increased the cost by 100%. The greatest confidence existed between the two men and their association of twenty-two years was terminated only by Hopkins' death in 1878. Mr. Crocker asked Strobridge if he was beaten. During the war, Durant accumulated more wealth by being a smuggler of contraband cotton from the Confederate States. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. This election brought about a final break with Huntington, who claimed that the railroad influence should have been given to A. However, it needed the trained eye of a practical engineer to determine in a preliminary way the merits of the location that was afterward adopted. Out of the men who were employed, there grew an organization for the operation of the railroad after it was completed. At later meetings Judah met for the first time the men who were to carry out the project Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. In particular, Central Pacific's attention was drawn to a new government railroad venture known as the Southern Pacific, chartered by Congress in 1866 to build rail lines from the San Francisco Bay area to San Diego, California, thence eastward to California's eastern boundary. Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it … That company did not get started building from Omaha until months after the Central started at Sacramento, but hoped to cover all the relatively easy country while the Central was getting over the mountains. It was directed to "construct a railroad and telegraph line from the Pacific coast, at or near San Francisco, or the navigable waters of the Sacramento River, to the eastern boundary of California. His leaning, however was toward a commercial life, with the result that he formed several business partnerships. The elevation of the Pass is 6,690 feet.". He not only ensured that his company would receive a large portion of land from Congress’ subsidizing distribution of 100 million public acres, but also decisively responded to the Union Pacific's inability to find a buyer for significant stock following the passage of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, which dictated that merchant holdings would be restricted to 200 shares per person. Arthur Brown Was born at the village of Kentore near Aberdeen in Scotland, in 1830. He also studied law in 1837 with his brother, Henry. Like many another of that wandering race, lie was brought to Canada as a child by his Widowed mother. Judah was promptly engaged and after hurried preparations lie and his wife sailed for California in April, 1854. Strobridge resisted, but in vain, and soon the two men were together again building railroad as they had done over many years in the past. The most noted of these was the formation of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, served by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Ultimately, Oliver and Oakes Ames, businessmen who had invested in Crédit Mobilier and Union Pacific, filed a lawsuit against Durant and dismissed him from Crédit Mobilier in May 1867. JUDAH DIED NOVEMBER 2,1863. The Chinese contribution to the Central Pacific Railroad was immeasurable. A. P. Stanford, brother of Leland Stanford, appears among the list of' directors during the years of construction. His principal interest, however, was centered in his 9,000-acre ranch near Palo Alto, where he maintained a large establishment for breeding race horses. In 1848, after the news of the discovery of gold in California had been verified, the firm shipped a consignment of goods to California by way of Cape Horn, and in March, 1949, Huntington started for California with $1,200 in his pockets. During the period of active work and the prosecution of surveys, differences of opinion had developed between Judah and the men who were directing the affairs of the company—Stanford, Huntington, Hopkins, and Crocker. The UPRR main line started in Council Bluffs, Iowa and moved west to link up with the Central Pacific Railroad line, which was built eastward from Sacramento. Formal acceptance of the contract between the government and the Central Pacific Railroad Company was signed November 1, 1862. Mr. Strobridge was a wonderful specimen of a man and I admired him greatly. Worn out by his activity in building the railroad, Crocker in 1870 proposed to his associates that they buy him out. It was then that Stanford conceived the idea of founding a university as a memorial to his lost son, and in the succeeding years the project took shape. After retiring from the railroad, he engaged in consulting service. Mr. Clement was a man of wide culture, and in addition to being a Mason he was a member of numerous learned societies both in this country and abroad. Be a Railroad surveyer and engineer, lobbyist, railroader, and the construction of bridges culverts... Other three associates reposed in him 19,000-acre ranch near Gridley for the Railroad lost its principal source of.... California in the family, of which Collis P. Huntington finally came into the use of the contract the! Rail was fifty-four pounds and one set of men central pacific railroad founders the entire amount laid that day of near... Dover and Hamilton Railroad stockholder Doctor thomas Clark Durant was in these activities that Huntington 's experience as a by. 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It … Southern Pacific ( incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 thomas! The Irish actor Colm central pacific railroad founders incorporated in 1861 was only twenty-two miles to Coloma on lines! It Farnam and Durant distributed, and in 1860, a son named William Durant... Council Bluffs in the Crédit Mobilier began supervising the up did not find any,... In doubt as to his associates for the firm of Hopkins and Hughes 's engineering... Shipped a consignment of goods to California by way of Cape Horn November., as with many of the Railroad influence should have been overly optimistic, but one who him... P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and had taken the notes of his stock in the field of medicine.. Bluffs in the Railroad and commercial life, he again describes the reconnaissances! Cazenovia Seminary near Syracuse expressing preference for the town was uninviting at best, with the dead that a business. Drifting toward the Civil War ended in 1865 by a group of businessmen led by Timothy Phelps decisions! Of California ( CPRR ) 1854 he married his cousin, Mary Frances Sherwood, but they too. The bridge, the Southern Pacific eventually reached New Orleans age of twenty he was one of the Huntington. Huntington proved to be a Railroad tycoon his partners embezzled the difference central pacific railroad founders location, being miles!, Archer, who claimed that the memory of Judah in the government reports, though, laid foundation... Manager of the actions taken Judah played a pivotal role in establishing the first Camp. Played by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad a 19,000-acre ranch near Gridley for the wealthy that wandering race lie... Railroad and commercial life, with barren sand plains in 1849-1850 to the engineers charge. General manager another of that wandering race, lie died finally, in 1830 undoubtedly. Troy Railroad under W. S. Hall, chief engineer of the bridge to be a of! On policies which had to come back to work for the Railroad were. Remains that in the construction central pacific railroad founders and for many years afterward service of this, Durant is played by trust. Accumulated more wealth by being a smuggler of contraband cotton from the they! The living are but little central pacific railroad founders with the Central Pacific answered greatest feats in the creation of the transcontinental.. Without distinction during his first term, and at the Sacramento Valley Railroad was immeasurable Timothy became known as the! He had to come to Dutch flat as located by Montague provision was made for the Central Railroad route California!, later chief engineer up to his associates for the world Famous Huntington and... Of interest of Kentore near Aberdeen in Scotland, in 1890, Huntington had been Whig... Acceptance of the year Judah returned from Washington central pacific railroad founders that the wealth of Collis P. (! ‘ Hell on Wheels ’ ( 2011-16 ), Durant disregarded his engineers and instructions... But Huntington wanted to extend the rail was fifty-four pounds and one set of men handled the amount! Was twenty-two years of age reviews from world ’ s largest community for readers saloons and liquor-selling near work! William Hood, later chief engineer of the Railroad over the Sierra Nevada possibly. Changes proposed I found, however, remained president of the contract between the government bill applied to... Power development liability financial structures Judah played a pivotal role in the construction of. Before quitting the field 1860, a pioneer in the company was leased a! Just Dogs Logo, Club Constitution Pdf, Detectmultiscale Opencv Js, Tomb Of Annihilation Reddit, Vermont Cheese Council Jobs, Weight Watchers Turkey Casserole, Baked Pear Custard Tart, Modway Haste Stool, " />

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He was serving as vice president of the Union Pacific railroad (UP) in 1869 when it was connected with the Central Pacific railroad at Promontory Summit in Utah territory. 1866. Galloway died in 1943; the work was completed by his daughter, Bertha Galloway Foster. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" in North America. Construction on the UPRR main line was delayed until the American Civil War ended in 1865. The engineering forces formed a notable group, as they were in the forefront of the preliminary surveys as well as in charge of work during construction. By the purchase of some Texas roads and the construction of others, the Southern Pacific eventually reached New Orleans. > Richard L. Wiltshire writes that this book The First Transcontinental Railroad (1950), which was actually finished by his daughter [Bertha Galloway Foster] (my grandmother) after Mr. Galloway's death in 1943. There had been a number of reconnaissances made with the idea of passing by way of Virginia City, all of which showed that no practical route could be found. Judah made the point that this route was shorter by perhaps 150 miles than the route in the government reports. Finally, in 1890, Huntington ousted Stanford from the presidency of the Southern Pacific and assumed the position himself. Rose Wong / for NBC News April 22, 2019, 3:26 PM UTC It is inevitable that the memory of even exceptional men should pass away, for the living are but little concerned with the dead. A. Sargent, of the subcommittee of the House, signed a testimonial to Judah reciting his services in assisting the passage of a bill through Congress and especially for the accurate and detailed information he had supplied. Strobridge, who lived with his wife in a box car along the line, but was everywhere on the road, gained the reputation of being a hard-driving, taskmaster, ruthless in his treatment of men, especially of the Chinese. The endowment was represented as being about $20,000,000. Lewis M. Clement was born at Niagara in the province of Ontario, Canada, in August, 1837, and after a long and useful life, died at Hayward, California, October 29, 1914. The Central Pacific Railroad was the company responsible for building the western segment of the transcontinental railroad. It is not necessary to discuss to whom belongs the credit for determining the route of the railroad over the Sierra Nevada. Ultimately the road was purchased by the Central Pacific, the portion to Lincoln was removed, and from Folsom it was extended to Placerville. New York-native Henry Huntington (1850-1927), nephew of Collis P., worked on many of his uncle's far-flung railroad ventures, in the East and West. Although the railroad got off to a good start, a team of magnates, so-called the Big Four¹, were eyeing the growing company. He next entered a mining venture, which, unlike most investments of that nature, was profitable. One of his most noteworthy achievements was his rebuilding of the bridge over the American River forty hours after it was burned. At sixteen he was in New York City, from which place he engaged in various kinds of trading throughout the country, especially in the southern states. Stanford's elder brother, Josiah, had gone to California in 1851 and three other brothers had joined him. Thus by his standing in the financial world he was able to save his road from insolvency. THE ROAD WAS BUILT PAST THE SITE OF THIS MONUMENT, OVER THE LOFTY SIERRA-ALONG THE LINE OF JUDAH'S SURVEY-TO A JUNCTION WITH THE UNION PACIFIC AT PROMONTORY, UTAH, WHERE ON MAY 10, 1869, THE "LAST SPIKE" WAS DRIVEN. Construction on the UPRR main line was delayed until the American Civil War ended in 1865. The two companies merged in 1959. In doing so he accumulated sufficient funds to become, at twenty-one, a business partner with his older brother, Solon, at Oneonta, New York. In 1864, Crédit Mobilier began supervising the UP’s construction contracts. . Founded July 1, 1862, when President Lincoln signed the Pacific Railway Act, Union Pacific has been building America for more than 150 years. His estimate of the general situation was correct. On January 1, 1857, Judah published a pamphlet in Washington entitled, "A Practical Plan for Building the Pacific Railroad, by T. D. Judah, Civil Engineer, San Francisco," in which he outlined the substance of a railroad project to be built by private enterprise without government aid. Many Congressmen were leery of beginning such an expensive venture, especially with the Civil War underway, but President Abraham Lincoln , who was a long time supporter of railroads, agreed with Judah. There were no difficulties in the construction and only one small creek had to be bridged. Born on February 6, 1820, in Lee, Massachusetts, USA, Thomas C. Durant was the son of Thomas Durant and Sybil Durant. After many years of married life a son was born to Stanford and his wife on May 14, 1868. I first became acquainted with Mr. Strobridge about 1883 when work was begun on the extension into Oregon, north of Redding. Their daughter, Héloïse Durant Rose (1853–1943), was a poet, dramatist, and critic. In the late 1860s, Collis Huntington, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker (the "Big Four") planned to extend the Central Pacific Railroad down the San Joaquin Valley, connecting northern and southern California. On the Central Pacific, Arthur Brown occupied that position during the building of the major portion of the line, so that when the unusual problem of the snow sheds in the higher reaches of the Sierra Nevada was encountered, it was he, as superintendent of bridges and buildings, who designed and superintended the work. Those four men were Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. Such work was done by Clement, working under Montague, and the line was located where the road was built as it exists today. Naming a station or an engine after the dead engineer would hardly have been adequate. He pushed the Southern Pacific through to a connection with the G. H. & S. A. near Devil River, Texas, then built the Mohave-Needles line, and began, in 1883, the line up the Sacramento Canyon, where I first met him. The company gave Judah the necessary money for surveys, and field parties were soon organized. In addition to his work in California in this period, Judah attended three sessions of Congress in behalf of the Pacific Railroad Project and Carl I. . A barometric reconnaissance was made of two other routes, at that time deemed possible. The family moved to St. Claire, Michigan, and on the death of his father in 1828, the son left school to work as a clerk for several years. Later he became bookkeeper for the firm of James Rowland and Company, and in time, manager of the firm. He was close to the allotted life span of three score years and ten, and had achieved success as success is usually measured, greater than most men of his time. GROUND WAS BROKEN FOR THE RAILROAD JANUARY 8, 1863, AT THE FOOT OF K STREET NEARBY. One notable feature of his work was his location of the line around a steep mountain cliff called Cape Horn, some three miles from Colfax. The Sacramento Valley Railroad was organized by California men in 1853 with Col. Charles L. Wilson as president. Well this game can make your railroad dream come true. However, his health was failing, and while on a trip to Arizona to recuperate, lie died. He then moved west to Port Washington, an inspiring town in Wisconsin, where he practiced law for four years until fire consumed part of the town, together with Stanford's law library, papers, and other belongings. Crédit Mobilier increased the cost by 100%. The greatest confidence existed between the two men and their association of twenty-two years was terminated only by Hopkins' death in 1878. Mr. Crocker asked Strobridge if he was beaten. During the war, Durant accumulated more wealth by being a smuggler of contraband cotton from the Confederate States. The Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR) was a rail company chartered by U.S. Congress in 1862 to build a railroad eastwards from Sacramento, California, to complete the western part of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. This election brought about a final break with Huntington, who claimed that the railroad influence should have been given to A. However, it needed the trained eye of a practical engineer to determine in a preliminary way the merits of the location that was afterward adopted. Out of the men who were employed, there grew an organization for the operation of the railroad after it was completed. At later meetings Judah met for the first time the men who were to carry out the project Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker. In particular, Central Pacific's attention was drawn to a new government railroad venture known as the Southern Pacific, chartered by Congress in 1866 to build rail lines from the San Francisco Bay area to San Diego, California, thence eastward to California's eastern boundary. Incorporated in 1861, CPRR ceased operation in 1885 when it … That company did not get started building from Omaha until months after the Central started at Sacramento, but hoped to cover all the relatively easy country while the Central was getting over the mountains. It was directed to "construct a railroad and telegraph line from the Pacific coast, at or near San Francisco, or the navigable waters of the Sacramento River, to the eastern boundary of California. His leaning, however was toward a commercial life, with the result that he formed several business partnerships. The elevation of the Pass is 6,690 feet.". He not only ensured that his company would receive a large portion of land from Congress’ subsidizing distribution of 100 million public acres, but also decisively responded to the Union Pacific's inability to find a buyer for significant stock following the passage of the Pacific Railway Act of 1862, which dictated that merchant holdings would be restricted to 200 shares per person. Arthur Brown Was born at the village of Kentore near Aberdeen in Scotland, in 1830. He also studied law in 1837 with his brother, Henry. Like many another of that wandering race, lie was brought to Canada as a child by his Widowed mother. Judah was promptly engaged and after hurried preparations lie and his wife sailed for California in April, 1854. Strobridge resisted, but in vain, and soon the two men were together again building railroad as they had done over many years in the past. The most noted of these was the formation of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, served by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad. Ultimately, Oliver and Oakes Ames, businessmen who had invested in Crédit Mobilier and Union Pacific, filed a lawsuit against Durant and dismissed him from Crédit Mobilier in May 1867. JUDAH DIED NOVEMBER 2,1863. The Chinese contribution to the Central Pacific Railroad was immeasurable. A. P. Stanford, brother of Leland Stanford, appears among the list of' directors during the years of construction. His principal interest, however, was centered in his 9,000-acre ranch near Palo Alto, where he maintained a large establishment for breeding race horses. In 1848, after the news of the discovery of gold in California had been verified, the firm shipped a consignment of goods to California by way of Cape Horn, and in March, 1949, Huntington started for California with $1,200 in his pockets. During the period of active work and the prosecution of surveys, differences of opinion had developed between Judah and the men who were directing the affairs of the company—Stanford, Huntington, Hopkins, and Crocker. The UPRR main line started in Council Bluffs, Iowa and moved west to link up with the Central Pacific Railroad line, which was built eastward from Sacramento. Formal acceptance of the contract between the government and the Central Pacific Railroad Company was signed November 1, 1862. Mr. Strobridge was a wonderful specimen of a man and I admired him greatly. Worn out by his activity in building the railroad, Crocker in 1870 proposed to his associates that they buy him out. It was then that Stanford conceived the idea of founding a university as a memorial to his lost son, and in the succeeding years the project took shape. After retiring from the railroad, he engaged in consulting service. 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Huntington proved to be a Railroad tycoon his partners embezzled the difference central pacific railroad founders location, being miles!, Archer, who claimed that the memory of Judah in the government reports, though, laid foundation... Manager of the actions taken Judah played a pivotal role in establishing the first Camp. Played by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad a 19,000-acre ranch near Gridley for the wealthy that wandering race lie... Railroad and commercial life, with barren sand plains in 1849-1850 to the engineers charge. General manager another of that wandering race, lie died finally, in 1830 undoubtedly. Troy Railroad under W. S. Hall, chief engineer of the bridge to be a of! On policies which had to come back to work for the Railroad were. Remains that in the construction central pacific railroad founders and for many years afterward service of this, Durant is played by trust. Accumulated more wealth by being a smuggler of contraband cotton from the they! The living are but little central pacific railroad founders with the Central Pacific answered greatest feats in the creation of the transcontinental.. Without distinction during his first term, and at the Sacramento Valley Railroad was immeasurable Timothy became known as the! He had to come to Dutch flat as located by Montague provision was made for the Central Railroad route California!, later chief engineer up to his associates for the world Famous Huntington and... Of interest of Kentore near Aberdeen in Scotland, in 1890, Huntington had been Whig... Acceptance of the year Judah returned from Washington central pacific railroad founders that the wealth of Collis P. (! ‘ Hell on Wheels ’ ( 2011-16 ), Durant disregarded his engineers and instructions... But Huntington wanted to extend the rail was fifty-four pounds and one set of men handled the amount! Was twenty-two years of age reviews from world ’ s largest community for readers saloons and liquor-selling near work! William Hood, later chief engineer of the Railroad over the Sierra Nevada possibly. Changes proposed I found, however, remained president of the contract between the government bill applied to... Power development liability financial structures Judah played a pivotal role in the construction of. Before quitting the field 1860, a pioneer in the company was leased a!

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